Tamil Nadu And Startups, A Welcome State For Women

Tamil Nadu is the destination for startups as the southern state has the second largest economy among all states with a gross state domestic product (GSDP) of INR 18,45,853 crore calculated in 2019-20. Tamil Nadu is renowned for being a rapid economic growth state with high levels of social development in recent years. Tamil Nadu is a safe place for women with around 7.08 lakh working in the state, which is nearly half of India’s 15.93 lakh working women according to the Annual Survey of Industries. This is three times higher than that of the state of Karnataka which ranks second on the list. The state government of Tamil Nadu has introduced many gender-inclusive policies for augmenting the trend which includes green-lighting night shifts for providing higher training subsidies for women staff. A grant of around 10 crores is placed for the setups of creches and hostels in apparel and ancillary parks.

Why Tamil Nadu Is a Destination For Women Employees
The state government is drafting a fervent and new policy for offering jobs to 10,000 women that had to quit work due to family responsibilities. The success of such policy interventions is being reaped in equal measures by the services and manufacturing sectors. Tamil Nadu has the highest number of direct women employees in manufacturing particularly in textile and footwear, according to a survey statistic of Guidance Tamil Nadu.

Even in the field of engineering, the total number of women in the workforce is increasing at a steady graph. Renowned startups from the state are managed by women for a decade and it at present has more than 150 women workers from all the neighboring villages. The success model has inspired startups to achieve an average of 35-70 percent of the workforce at factories from manufacturers of wheelers to service providers of Business Process Outsourcing. The percentage of women employees is significantly high in the sector of the auto component maker and Chennai, the capital of Tamil Nadu is the first in the tire industry to set up an all-women crew for extruder operations. In the services sector, the number of women employed is high and Tamil Nadu has a higher representation of women as compared to several multinational companies.

The total number of women employed in the tech giants is increasing at an exponential rate with two-lakh alone in a world-renowned MNC. The main cause of the increase in the women population in the workplace in the state is the various initiatives for supporting women at work including services of babysitting for women at work even during emergencies such as COVID. The increase in the workforce of women in the senior women executives includes 39 percent of the total workforce with a higher representation of women in the business functions. Giant startup leaders entrust that women in STEM are challenging stereotypes. The startups are tapping female executives with virtual hiring enabling the startups to reach out the remote locations which were not included in past years.

Strategies By Startups
The 100 percent virtual summer internships at the startups of Tamil Nadu are one of the best causes for women's employment. The strategies of wage-based labor retainment of women employees in the managerial stages is the finest strategy implemented by the startups and finding and hiring new employees has increased the women workforce. Plus, the high enrolment ratio of girls in the state’s schools is helping in leveraging the women workforce.

The policy of Tamil Nadu is meant for offering financial and accommodation supporting skill training for girls in a subject of their choice. The training includes entrepreneurial training and the state is open to opportunities for women and girls for upskilling women who had a break in their careers.

The state is active in searching for ways to integrate technical skills into the curriculum with the providence of incentives for pursuing courses that further smoothens the transition from education to work for adolescent girls in vulnerable communities is invaluable. Skill training in terms of upskilling and reskilling courses is being transcended for allowing women to work at lateral entry at a higher career level after the break.

1. More than half of the female workforce in the rural locations of the state have agriculture and allied activities as a profession. 53 percent are working in the employed sector where construction is the second largest employer with a share of 16.4 percent which is followed by manufacturing at nearly 15 percent services at 8.3 percent and trade, hotels, and restaurants at 6.7 percent.

2. The distribution of rural women workers by the major industries inclines that women without agriculture as a profession stat out the total number of rural women workers in the major industries such as manufacturing and construction is significant and women are contributing to the evolution of tertiary sector industries including services and trade, hotels and restaurants.

3. Women workers in services are more in number than the urban female workforce which is 36.3 percent and 28.6 percent of women from urban places are involved in manufacturing, 16.6 percent in trading, hotels, and restaurants, and 8.4 percent are in agriculture. 5 percent of the urban female workforce are employed in construction and transport, storage, and communications.

4. The tertiary sector is contributing to more than 50 percent of urban women employees.

5. The sectoral distribution of urban women workers is 28.6 percent which is higher than what is observed in the northern and eastern states.

The state of Tamil Nadu is filling the gap in gender-biased employment which is still a problem in the urban Indian workforce and women are getting more education which is a better attitude of helping India to move toward women's safety and women's independence.