Automation May Take Our Jobs - But AI Will Create Them
There’s no denying that robots and automation are a huge part of our daily lives. In fact, automation has been one of the in demand advancement we have been looking forward to. But, at the same time, this increase has led to some serious warnings about the future of jobs that are currently been done by humans. The one good news is that not all jobs would be replaced. Occupations that require repetitive and predictable tasks such as transportation, logistics and administrative support are the kinds of jobs that are endangered due to automation/AI.
Just about a decade ago, the thought of robots taking away our jobs, still seemed limited. Now, the tables have turned, thanks to machine learning, deep learning, research on neural networks, etc. From self-driving cars to delivery of packages through drones, AI has come a long way. While looking at these jobs being easily replaced by machines, it’s a lot harder to visualise the jobs that come next into the market. New technology creates jobs in a few ways. The direct jobs are for people who design and maintain the machines. And sometimes there is an entire industry built because of this. But the part we tend to forget is the indirect effect of labour-saving inventions. This means, the industry that is not technologically sound, are directly or indirectly associated with the ‘direct industries’ in some way, shape or form. This paves a way for more jobs to be created.
This is because machines are a 100x more efficient than a human when it comes to laborious work. For example, a school teacher can assess 100 essays in 3 days but a machine could do that in minutes. Thanks to image recognition built using machine learning models. Coming to other jobs AI creates could be to increase the demand for trainers. Those who can train you to build a model and teach you how it works. Also vice-versa, they are required to train the AI system how they should behave when taking instructions from humans. According to LinkedIn, demand for AI skills was increased by 190 percent between 2015 and 2017. The underlying automation trend will continue to provide ever more powerful, ever cheaper technology that will create even more opportunities for entrepreneurs and workers alike, in both rural and urban India.
What’s basically happening is that the new jobs are first world and first class. They’re not menial jobs, but skilled jobs in healthcare, education, and an expanding range of professional disciplines. And it’s not just the developed world, but also the developing world where this is happening. We still have massive poverty to address and a skills acquisition challenge to tackle, but the net effect of automation is and has been clearly positive.
So what we are trying to say is that, AI is taking away jobs, yes. But, it is taking away jobs that were difficult or strenuous to do in the first place. AI comes with a huge army of maintenance, programming, and training that would push companies to hire professionals who are experts in these fields.